What Is Financial Structure?

Financial structure refers to the mix of debt and equity that a company uses to finance its operations. This composition directly affects the risk and value of the associated business. The financial managers of the business have the responsibility of deciding the best mixture of debt and equity for optimizing the financial structure.

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12月工业利润下滑突显出中国工业面临的产能过剩和价格下跌的困扰,这加大了中国政府放松货币政策并扩大基础设施支出,以缓和经济放缓影响的压力。
China's Ministry of Education (MOE) said at a news conference that most of the world's foreign students who study abroad are from China.
"It is a truly a global phenomenon in which people, due to lack of opportunities, have to leave their families behind to provide for them," said Pedro De Vasconcelos, IFAD policy advisor and author of the report.

Understanding Financial Structure

Companies have several choices when it comes to setting up the business structure of their business. Companies can be either private or public. In each case, the framework for managing the capital structure is primarily the same but the financing options differ greatly.

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许多老板都会对自己的员工负责,但是优秀的老板也会对他们自己的行为负责。这意味着他们同样会遵守为员工们设置的指导原则,并为团队的成功和失败负责任。

Private versus Public

Private and public companies have the same framework for developing their structure but several differences that distinguish the two. Both types of companies can issue equity. Private equity is created and offered using the same concepts as public equity but private equity is only available to select investors rather than the public market on a stock exchange. As such the equity fundraising process is much different than a formal initial public offering (IPO). Private companies can also go through multiple rounds of equity financing over time which affects their market valuation. Companies that mature and choose to issue shares in the public market do so through the support of an investment bank that helps them to pre-market the offering and value the initial shares. All shareholders are converted to public shareholders after an IPO and the market capitalization of the company is then valued based on shares outstanding times market price.

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Debt versus Equity

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The school’s network was vital in helping me find a job in one of the most prestigious companies worldwide, says one graduate from Rotterdam School of Management. The company was a corporate partner so I basically received the job application in my mailbox.
中国的商业银行是金融体系的控制中心,为实体经济提供的融资占总量的近70%。
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Overall, financial managers consider and evaluate the capital structure by seeking to optimize the 甘肃质监局质量抽检 14批次木制家具不合格 (WACC). WACC is a calculation that derives the average percentage of payout required by the company to its investors for all of its capital. A simplified determination of WACC is calculated by using a weighted average methodology that combines the payout rates of all of the company’s debt and equity capital.

Metrics for Analyzing Financial Structure

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Data for calculating capital structure metrics usually come from the balance sheet. A primary metric used in evaluating financial structure is a debt to total capital. This provides quick insight on how much of the company’s capital is debt and how much is equity. Debt may include all of the liabilities on a company’s balance sheet or just long-term debt. Equity is found in the shareholders’ equity portion of the balance sheet. Overall, the higher the debt to capital ratio the more a company is relying on debt.

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